بشار الجعفري حول تجنيد الأطفال السوريين في المخيمات
تربية الأطفال في مناطق داعش والنصرة وسائر التنظيمات على الإجرام وحرمانهم من التعليم والمدارس واستهداف مدارسهم وتدميرها، بشار الجعفري يتحدث أمام مجلس الأمن الدولي فجر ٢٦ آذار ٢٠١٥.
كشف موقع ميترونيوز الإخباري الفرنسي اليوم أن طفلا فرنسيا عمره 13 عاما قاتل مع الإرهابيين في تنظيم داعش وقتل في سورية.
وقال الموقع في خبر أورده اليوم إن الطفل ذهب إلى حمص مع عائلته التي تنحدر من ستراسبورغ منذ بضعة أسابيع حيث قاتل في صفوف داعش وقتل في سورية.
من جانبه نقل الصحفي ديفيد طومسون مراسل اذاعة فرنسا الدولية آر إف آي عن الإرهابي أبوبكر الفرنسي قوله إنه جيد للصغير تحديداً وهو في هذا العمر وفي مثل هذه الظروف أن يكون عضواً في داعش وأن يقتل.
وأضافت الإذاعة أن إثنين من أشقاء الارهابي قتلوا أيضاً فيما باتت بندقية القتيل في متناول يد العديد من الأطفال الآخرين المرتبطين بداعش.
وكشف تقرير حديث للأمم المتحدة أن التنظيمات الارهابية لاتقوم بتجنيد الصغار فحسب بل هي مضت ابعد من ذلك إلى إستخدام الأطفال كإنتحاريين بمن في ذلك الأطفال المعوقين بعد عمليات بيع أولئك الأطفال إلى التنظيمات والجماعات الإرهابية من قبل أسرهم.
وشرح التقرير أيضاً كيف حولت داعش بعض الأهالي إلى دروع بشرية لحمايتها من الضربات الجوية أو إستخدامهم لتصنيع القنابل للإرهابيين.
Update: Al Jaafari targets the Amos report in the following statement made today:
This statement is important where it focuses on terrorist crimes, particularly against children.
Statements regarding the Syrian government forces are delusional and inaccurate. Therefore, I include links to the Syrian government’s challenges regarding inaccuracies in previous reports by Valerie Amos.
I expect Bashar Al-Jaafari will issue a response to this current report.
Al-Jaafari at the UN SC, Acuses UN of Double Standards, Condemns “Amos Report”
Bashar Al-Jaafari asks why Amos does not mention ISIL or Al-Nusrah as terrorist organizations.
Al-Jaafari: Amos report incomplete and lacks credible information
On Syria, UN’s Amos Omits Al Nusra to Whom Ladsous Ordered Surrender
Terrorist Organisations training Syrian children to kill in Al Ruqa says Valerie Amos, UN Humanitarian Affairs USG .
8 September 2014 – The multiplication of crises affecting children since the beginning of 2014 is creating unprecedented challenges that overshadow progress to date to protect them from the impact of war, a senior United Nations official told the Security Council today.
The Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Leila Zerrougui, said that she was appalled by the total disregard for human life shown by extremist armed groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Boko Haram. The situation also remains dire in Syria, she said as she presented the Secretary-General’s latest report on children and armed conflict.
“ISIL has tasked boys as young as 13 to carry weapons, guard strategic locations or arrest civilians. Other children are used as suicide bombers,” said Ms. Zerrougui. According to UN monitoring, up to 700 children have been killed or maimed in Iraq since the beginning of the year, including in summary executions.
Meanwhile, Boko Haram has attacked schools, leading to the death of at least 100 students and 70 teachers in 2013. Over 200 girls abducted by Boko Haram in April are still missing, while the armed group continues to attack and kidnap other children.
In Gaza, over 500 children were killed and more than 1,300 injured, Ms. Zerrougui said, calling for a thorough investigation of the impact of the war on children. Thousands of displaced families are still living in schools and access to education for the children of Gaza is expected to remain limited. At least 244 schools were damaged or destroyed by Israel’s armed forces during recent fighting.
“We cannot afford impunity in the face of such grave violations of international law that in some cases may amount to war crimes,” said the Special Representative.
Many other situations witnessed grave violations against children in 2013 and face similar challenges today. Instability and rising tensions in Libya, Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Mali and South Sudan continue to threaten children.
The Special Representative’s presentation took place almost exactly six months after the launch with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) of the joint campaign ‘Children, Not Soldiers’, which works toward a goal of “no children in Government forces by the end of 2016.”
The Government of Chad has already fulfilled all the requirements and pledged to prevent the recruitment of children in its armed forces. In May, Yemen became the 7th country to sign an action place. Progress has also been achieved in South Sudan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Myanmar and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
“Longstanding peace will never be achieved without giving the children the means, skills, and education to re-build a society and institutions torn by armed conflict,” Ms. Zerrougui said, stressing that more must be done to include special provisions for children affected by conflict into peace agreements.
Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, stressed that coordination of action with international child protection partners was instrumental in addressing the plight of children. Establishing partnerships with States in which UN peacekeeping operations are deployed was also important because States hold the primary responsibility of protecting children.
The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) would spare no efforts to promote the Children, Not Soldiers campaign and support the Governments and security forces of Afghanistan, Sudan, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be free of child soldiers by 2016.
But beyond the campaign, Governments must also set the example and support access for monitoring, assistance, and engagement with armed troops, he noted. When negotiating ceasefires, States must prioritize the inclusion of non-negotiable child protection provisions in all agreements.
Robust action against armed groups holding child soldiers has also taken place, Mr. Ladsous said. To this end, a specialized training unit on child protection for the military has been developed and shared with countries contributing troops to UN operations.
Also briefing the Council was Forest Whitaker, Academy award-winning actor and Special Envoy of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for Peace and Reconciliation, who returned yesterday from South Sudan.
“After meeting with generals on the ground, soldiers and civilians, I fear that there is no end in sight to the violence,” Mr. Whitaker said, describing a scene of thousands of civilians seeking shelter in over-crowded camps because they are too afraid to go back home.
In the protection camp in Bentiu, he reported, malnutrition is causing some children’s hair to turn red. Throughout the country, hundreds of schools are empty and some have turned into military camps, as thousands of young people go without food.
“Perhaps worst of all, walking through the cities, I saw child soldiers wearing military uniforms and carrying guns,” Mr. Whitaker said.
In Uganda, he said the Lord’s Resistance Army would kidnap children from their villages, forcing them to kill those they loved. In some cultures, being a soldier is seen as a rite of passage, and many children join for the honour of supporting their tribes.
“We may take a child out of an army, but unless we do more for him – help him re-enter society, enrol him in a good school, teach him a useful trade – we have not set him free,” said Mr. Whitaker.
|Justice Ministry signs agreement on counterterrorism and documenting war crimes
May 12, 2014
Damascus, (SANA) Justice Ministry and Arab Center for Documenting War Crimes and Legal Prosecution signed a memo of understanding for cooperation regarding counterterrorism and documenting war crimes.
Assistant Justice Minister Judge Taisir al-Samadi said the war waged on Syria necessitates documenting war crimes committed by Syria’s enemies and prosecuting them, be they states, organizations, or individuals, and this includes anyone who funded, instigated, or spread takfiri mentality.
He said the Ministry has been working to document crimes against public and private properties, civilians, army personnel, security personnel, archeological sites, and cultural heritage for over a year.
In turn, member of Arab Center Hala al-Asaad said legal documentation is one of the most important bases for proving war crimes, and that the Center will employ Arab and international experts to do the necessary research.
The Arab Center has managed to prosecute 5 Israeli figures including an incumbent minister for committing war crimes in the July 2006 war.
An Internet-based social media account that supports the al-Qaeda-linked splinter group so-called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has publicized a bid to recruit minors as armed insurgents in Syria’s Aleppo province.
The Twitter account this week published a photo of several rows of young boys lined up in front of a “membership office” for the terrorist group in the town of Al-Bab, The Daily Star reported on Saturday.
ISIL has occasionally been accused of recruiting underage boys into its ranks.
While ISIL has lost much of the territory it controlled in Aleppo province in the wake of a campaign against it since January by its al-Qaeda rival, the Nusra Front, and an array of other foreign-backed insurgent groups, it continues to hold on to Al-Bab, near the Turkish border.
Britain-based opposition group, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said on Friday that the ISIL insurgents were engaged in fierce fighting against the alliance of armed rebels in the village of Abla in northern rural Aleppo, in the latest bid to retake Al-Bab from ISIL.
The same Twitter account posted a photo of what it claimed to be a tank captured by ISIL, claiming that it was being used to attack rival insurgents.
About 50 boys aged from 7 to 13 years old are currently training in the terrorist-preparing camp, the name of which is translated as “The most precious children”.
The trainers of this base call their students “gold take” because such children are disinterested and could be easily manipulated, while older children want to receive money for their work.
The trainers believe that the use of teenagers allows strengthening the position of a future state.
Making the boys the diehard warriors, the terrorists use their religious beliefs and derive maximum benefit from terrorism.
It is much easier to convince the children from impoverished Syrian families, who could agree to execute any order up to suicide bombing.
Training time in the camp is 25 days. Students are divided into groups of 13 people. The most important subjects in such a school are the basis of holy war and the skilful possession of modern firearms.
After finishing the training course, the teenagers enter the terrorist groups.
According to the eyewitnesses, there are lesser and lesser girls and unmarried women in the region day by day. Their parents send them to their relatives out of town as the organizers of this camp have plans to create similar terrorist groups concerning young women, living in the neighborhood.
Syria sank into war in March 2011 when pro-reform protests turned into a massive insurgency following the intervention of Western and regional states.
The unrest, which took in terrorist groups from across Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, has transpired as one of the bloodiest conflicts in recent history.
Damascus, (SANA) – Terrorist groups affiliated to Al Qaeda are constantly trying to brainwash children in Syria and turn them into killing machines, as shown by a video which surfaced recently on the internet.
The video shows children in northern Raqqa being forced by members of the so-called “Islamic State of Iraq and Syria” (ISIS) which is affiliated to Al Qaeda to undergo a “training seminar” titled “messages from the land of epics.”
The self-imposed teacher is shown instructing the children about what he calls “jihad” and making them recite “we are jihadists in the Levant and Iraq, we want jihad and we refuse to sit and do nothing” like parrots.
The video shows that terrorists give nicknames to the children, the oldest of which couldn’t be over 12, such as Abu Malek, Abu al-Sedeek, and Abu Abdelrahman, in an attempt to mislead children by implying that they have become men (the word “Abu” means “father of” in Arabic and is usually reserved for older adults) and employing names that have religious connotations to give the illusion that what their dark agendas are righteous.
It should be noted that the Syria Foreign Ministry sent letters to the UN-Secretary General and the head of the Security Council informing them of the crimes committed by terrorists against children in Syria, particularly their attempts to recruit and train them to fight, abducting them to extort ransoms from their parents, and mutilating their bodies.
Foreign news reports indicate that Al Qaeda established camps in northern Syria to train both adults and children to use weapons and make explosives and brainwash them to commit suicide attacks.
Earlier, a video titled “Ashbal al-Zarqawi” surfaced showing Syrian children being trained to bear arms by Al Qaeda.
This file photo shows a teenager recruited by the militants in Syria to fight against government forces
Despite prohibition by international law on the recruitment of children as combatants, the foreign-backed militants in Syria force minors to join them in the battle against the Syrian government, a report says.
The militants train the children how to handle a weapon, how to disarm an enemy or kill him with a knife or even bare hands.
“When they arrive here, they are children. By the time they leave, they are killing machines,” said Abdel Razzaq, a militant.
Several amateur videos have shown child soldiers fighting against Syrian military forces in flashpoint cities across the country.
The videos also show children being forced to dig their own graves before joining the militants.
International law prohibits the use of anyone under the age of 18 in combat and other military support operations, such as espionage.
The use of children “as combatants or as a support to combatants constitutes a grave violation of children’s rights,” UNICEF child protection coordinator Jean-Nicolas Beuze said.
“Commanders have the obligation to turn them (children) away,” Beuze added.
Human Rights Watch has interviewed several teenagers who said they had worked with the militants in a number of cities in Syria.
This is while the countries financing the armed groups or supplying them with weapons have turned a blind eye to such violations.
Children have been the main victim of the violence in Syria since the unrest hit the country back in 2011.
Syria has been experiencing unrest since March 2011. Many people, including large numbers of security forces, have been killed in the turmoil.
The Syrian government says the chaos is being orchestrated from outside the country, and there are reports that a very large number of the militants are foreign nationals.
AFP: Syria Rebels Train “Killing Machine” Teenagers
DAMASCUS, (SANA) – “Syria Rebels Train Killing Machine Teenagers” a title for a report by the Agence France-Presse (AFP) on the armed terrorist groups in Syria using children in their killing operations and battles on the Syrian ground.
“Syrian teenagers are joining the armed groups cause, oblivious to international laws prohibiting child combatants,” the agency said in an article published on Wednesday.
“When they arrive here, they are children. By the time they leave, they are killing machines,” Abdel Razzaq, a 38-year-old terrorist who trains the boys, told AFP.
“I train them not to be scared of war and not to hesitate when the time comes to kill,” he said, speaking of his latest group of 20 volunteers, aged 14 to 18.
He teaches his students how to handle a Kalashnikov, or AK-47 assault rifle, the weapon most commonly used by the rebels. He also trains them to disarm a soldier and kill him with a knife or even their bare hands.
“Children are the best soldiers I know. They obey every command. An adult asks
questions and answers back. But the children, they question nothing,” Abdel Razzaq was quoted as saying.
The article mentioned that Abdel Razzaq’s “military academy” is a former school, located in northern Syria’s Aleppo province, noting that before being sent off to the front, the boys receive two hours of training a day for three months.
Abdel Razzaq claims, according to the article, that the boys’ families are eager that they are trained well before they are sent off to fight the army.
“Without proper training, they would die quickly,” he said.
The international law prohibits the use of anyone under the age of 18 in combat and in military support operations, such as espionage, transporting weapons or providing supplies to fighters.
The use of children “as combatants or as a support to combatants constitutes a grave violation of children’s rights,” UNICEF child protection coordinator Jean-Nicolas Beuze told AFP.
F. A/H. Said
This post examines a particularly horrendous violation of children’s rights: the phenomenon of child soldiers. The footage of the massacre of prisoners in Saraqi is evidence not just of a war crime but also of the use of a child soldier by the Syrian rebels. He was used in the assault on the army checkpoint and was at the massacre scene. There is no doubt that this represents serious child abuse.
Child abuse by rebels in Saraqib
Human Rights Investigations (HRI) has obtained video footage of the assault on the army checkpoint and the massacre of prisoners in Saraqib – footage including the rebel use of a tank, the battle, the slaughter of prisoners and the dead bodies. We have been able to confirm the exact location where this battle occurred.
As a group of rebels make their way towards the battle it is clear that amongst them is a young boy with them who is carrying a gun.
He is clearly a child and probably not yet in his teens:
As the rebels attack the checkpoint through an orchard it is clear that the boy is with them as the battle rages and gunfire is all around.
After the checkpoint is captured and in the place where the prisoners are slaughtered the footage catches the boy as he moves across the field of vision and a child’s voice can be clearly heard.
Why are the Syrian rebels using child soldiers?
The provision of inexpensive, lightweight weapons to the rebels has made it easier to use children as soldiers. These small arms are lethal and relatively easy to use with little training. There is no doubt that countries including Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are providing weapons to the rebels. The particular group involved in this incident has been directly supported by high-up figures such Emad Ad-Din Al-Rashid who has been raising funds in Washington DC.
Ahmed Abu Issa, commander of the “Sham Falcons Brigade” and the “Syrian Liberation Front.” He approves the killing of prisoners, uses child soldiers and even uses captives as unwilling suicide bombers.
Children are also more impressionable and vulnerable to indoctrination, they learn skills and tasks quickly, are fast and agile on a battlefield, more willing than adults to take risks and are seen as more loyal and less threatening to adult leadership. In Syria, the economy is being destroyed through sanctions and war and children are used as cheap and expendable labour; they require less food and no payment. In addition, using child soldiers can present a dilemma to enemies: should they kill children?
As a general rule, child soldiers are separated from their families, forced to flee their homes and schools, and in many cases, killed, maimed, sexually abused or otherwise exploited. This has a devastating impact on their physical and mental wellbeing for the rest of their lives. They are usually forced to live under harsh conditions with insufficient food and little or no access to health-care or education. They are almost always treated brutally, subjected to beatings and humiliating treatment. Punishments for mistakes or desertion are often very severe. They are forced to engage in hazardous activities such as laying and clearing mines or explosives, using weapons, playing the role of spies, bomb carriers, sentries and human shields.
In some instances the commanders (in this case Ahmed Abu Issa of the Syrian Liberation Front) approach the children directly and use scare tactics or entice them with money.
They may also glorify freedom fighters, use gifts such as bicycles or false promises of overseas scholarships to bring the child under the control of the armed group, leaving the parents without any say. In this instance it seems likely the child has been told that killing the enemy is part of the Jihad, and if they die in the effort they will go to heaven.
There is clear evidence of children being brainwashed by rebels to sing songs in praise of Osama Bin Laden and in favour of genocide against minority groups in Syria:
Rebels fighting for the Free Syrian Army are using children as fighters, a U.N. official charges.Syrian rebels fighting against the Bashar al-Assad regime’s security forces have been accused of recruiting and using child soldiers, which violates international conventions.
“We are receiving allegations of children with the Free Syrian Army,” Radhika Coomaraswamy, U.N. special representative for children and armed conflict, said without giving further details.
“We haven’t been able to verify or check” the veracity of those allegations, Coomaraswamy added.
The accusations followed a report by Human Rights Watch that rebels were engaged in abuses including “kidnapping, detention, and torture of security force members, government supporters, and people identified as members of pro-government militias, called shabiha.”
HRW added that it had also received reports of “executions by armed opposition groups of security force members and civilians.”
Although the watchdog pointed out that most of the human rights violations had until now been attributed to Assad’s regime, the new accusations will come as a blow to Syrian opposition groups.
In the last few weeks the Syrian army has regained control of most of the FSA strongholds, and despite defections Assad’s army remains strong.
In contrast the opposition has been criticised for being divided.
In February, tensions were exposed after prominent members of the Syrian National Council, the main umbrella opposition group, withdrew from the coalition.
Members complained that the country’s Muslim Brotherhood, which draws support from the Sunni majority, had too much influence over the SNC’s leadership.
The group retaliated by unveiling a new political charter that called for the establishment of a democratically elected government.
In an attempt to unify the opposition groups, a series of meetings are taking place in Istanbul ahead of an Arab League meeting on 1 April.
UN Right Experts Quits Inquiry into Syria
A leading member of a UN human rights inquiry into Syria has quit.
Yakin Erturk, a leading international rights expert, said she had resigned because of Assad’s refusal to let outside investigators enter the country.
“This is a serious hindrance of the commission of inquiry,” she told AFP.
The U.N. Human Rights Council set up a three-person commission in September to probe alleged abuses in Syria.
The commission presented its latest report to the council earlier in March and documented “patterns of summary execution, arbitrary arrest, enforced disappearance, torture, including sexual violence, as well as violations of children’s rights by Syrian security forces.”