Iran: Three Countries in West Asia Involved in Assassination of General Qassem Soleimani

The Cradle
On 29 December, Iranian authorities disclosed that three countries in the West Asia region were involved in the January 2020 assassination of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Brigade Commander Qassem Soleimani and the Deputy Commander of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces, Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis.

The Deputy Head of the Judiciary of Iran, Kazem Gharibabadi, said an investigation conducted by Tehran revealed that a total of six countries were involved the assassination of the two top military commanders.

He said three of the countries involved are from West Asia, while the other three are from outside the region. He confirmed that all the countries that participated in the crime will soon be named.

According to Gharibabadi, the investigation has also identified more than 120 individuals who were involved in the assassination.

He pointed out that the majority of suspects are US citizens.

Gharibabadi explained that due to the fact that the “instigator of this terrorist act is the American [US] regime,” many of the accused in the case are also US citizens.

Former US president Donald Trump is one of the 120 individuals.

The judiciary of Iran has already prepared arrest warrants for 40 of the suspects, Gharibabadi said.

He also disclosed that members of the judiciary have been dispersed to at least nine countries to pursue the cases against the suspects, and that Iran and Iraq have set up a joint committee to look into the case.

Gharibabadi accused the international community of failing to speak out against the assassination. He said that the cooperation of both the international community and international law enforcement organizations, such as Interpol, is necessary to bring the perpetrators to justice.

Gharibabadi was speaking at an event to mark the second anniversary of the assassination of General Soleimani.

General Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis and their companions were assassinated in a US drone attack on their convoy near Baghdad airport on 3 January 2020.

The two military commanders were instrumental in the defeat of the ISIS armed group in Iraq and Syria.

Deputy Judiciary Chief: Assassins of General Soleimani to Go on Trial by Spring

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Judiciary Deputy Chief and Secretary-General of Iran’s Human Rights Headquarters Kazzem Qaribabadi said that the court to try the culprits behind assassination of former IRGC Qods Force Commander Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani will be held before March 20.

Indictment for over 40 perpetrators of General Soleimani’s assassination will be submitted to Tehran Court of Justice and the court will be held before the end of the current Iranian year (March 20, 2022), Qaribabadi said.

He added that a lawsuit has been filed in Iraq as the country in which the crime has been committed, noting that a 300-page document, including information about the 70 defendants and suspects has been presented to the Iraqi side.

Qaribabadi added that Iraq has also presented information on the defendants to Iran.

He described the US as flag-bearer of the terrorist act, holding former US President Donald Trump and the US officials responsible for the terrorist act.

Qaribabadi also criticized the international bodies for their silence on this crime.

General Soleimani, his Iraqi trenchmate Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the second-in-command of Iraq’s PMU, and ten of their deputies were martyred by an armed drone strike as their convoy left Baghdad International Airport on January 3, 2020. The attack was ordered by then US President Donald Trump.

To date, Iran’s chief civilian prosecutor has indicted tens of individuals in connection with the assassination, among them former president Trump, the head of US Central Command General Kenneth McKenzie Jr., and former US Secretaries of State and Defense Mike Pompeo and Mark Esper.

The file remains open to the further addition of individuals that Tehran determines to have played a role in the killing.

Both commanders were highly popular because of their key role in fighting against the ISIL terrorist group in the region, particularly in Iraq and Syria.

Back in January 2020, two days after the assassination, the Iraqi parliament passed a law requiring the Iraqi government to end the presence of the US-led foreign forces in the Arab country.

Earlier this year, Baghdad and Washington reached an agreement on ending the presence of all US combat troops in Iraq by the end of the year.

The US military declared the end of its combat mission in Iraq this month, but resistance forces remain bent on expelling all American forces, including those who have stayed in the country on the pretext of training Iraqi forces or playing an advisory role.

Since the assassination, Iraqi resistance forces have ramped up pressure on the US military to leave their country, targeting American bases and forces on numerous occasions, at one point pushing the Americans to ask them to “just leave us alone”.

Iran and Iraq in a joint statement earlier this month underlined their determination to identify, prosecute and punish the culprits behind the assassination of General Soleimani and al-Muhandis.

Iran and Iraq have issued a joint statement on an investigation into the “criminal and terrorist” assassination by the US of top anti-terror commanders of the two countries in Baghdad early last year, Qaribabad said.

He added that the statement was issued during the second session of a joint Iran-Iraq committee investigating the murder of General Soleimani and al-Muhandis.

Qaribabadi said that in the statement, Iran and Iraq stressed that the assassinations were a “violation of the rules of international law, including relevant international conventions on the fight against terrorism”.

“In addition, the two countries reaffirmed their serious and firm determination to identify, prosecute and punish all those involved in deciding, planning and implementing this criminal act,” he emphasized.

Qaribabadi noted that the two countries have exchanged documents and reports about the case.

“Documents and information related to the role and interference of the American defendants were presented by the Iranian delegation to the Iraqi side, and it was decided that complementary investigations would be carried out by the judiciaries of the two countries in this regard,” the senior Iranian human rights official said.

He added that Iran and Iraq also agreed to continue the exchange of documents and information in the investigation process.

“In the joint statement, the two sides also emphasized that they would use legal and judicial capacities at national and international levels to deliver justice and prevent the occurrence of such criminal acts,” Qaribabadi pointed out.

They also agreed to continue bilateral cooperation to gather information about all defendants and ways to hold them accountable.

The third round of the joint committee will be held in Baghdad within the next 45 days.