Guests: MP in the Syrian Parliament Ammar al-Assad and military expert, Major General Mohammad Abbas
The fifth round of the Astana negotiations on the Syrian settlement ended Wednesday in the Kazakh capital. This meeting did not culminate in any agreements on the demarcation of the areas of tension reduction in Syria.
This is what led the head of the Syrian delegation, Dr. Bashar al-Jaafari, to describe the results of Astana 5 as very modest, holding Turkey responsible for disrupting the negotiations.
For his part, the head of the Russian delegation, Alexander Lavrentev, said in a press conference after the plenary session that no documents were signed in the negotiations, and that a decision was made to postpone the conclusion of the agreement on the establishment of three areas to reduce tension in the governorate of Idlib, but it is expected that this will be signed soon.
In a joint statement after the end of the negotiations, Russia, Turkey and Iran announced that the next round of the Astana process will take place in the last week of August, noting that the next meeting of the Joint Working Group of the Guarantors of the Astana Process will take place in Iran on 1 and 2 of the same month.
What are the boundaries that are disputed by the parties to the dialogue in Astana? What are the implications of postponing the appointment of areas of tension relief to the situation on the ground? And why has America declared its willingness to agree on no-fly zones if Russia agrees at this time?
At the beginning, Major General Dr. Mohammad Abbas said in his speech to the “Between the Lines” program, that,
The Turkish side always represents the spearhead in the aggression against Syria, since the opening of its border to terrorist groups at the beginning of the crisis.
Turkey is becoming embroiled in a confrontation with the Syrian state, with the help of friendly countries – Russia, Iran and the resistance – despite Turkey’s well known history of aggression against the people and the Syrian army.
Turkey’s obstruction of the Astana agreement and its refusal to sign the memoranda, maps and documents submitted to determine the places locations of deescalation zones, was backed by the United States, because the success of Astana would grant tranquility and stability to the Syrian people and mark the beginning of the end of the war on Syria. America and Turkey want to prolong the war, using the instrument of veto against Syria and its allies in Astana on the contested areas held by terrorists backed by Turkey.
MP Ammar al-Assad, deputy of the Foreign Relations Committee of the Syrian People’s Assembly, said that the result of the success of the Syrian Arab Army on the ground and the opening of the Syrian state to conferences and dialogues that could pave the way for a real political process between the Syrians, which made the results of the fifth round graduated very modest as described by the head of the Syrian delegation, Dr. Bashar Jaafari.
Prepared and Presented by: Hind Al-Dawawi