UNSC Adopts Resolution for Political Solution in Syria and to End Funding Terrorism

Security Council unanimously adopts resolution on a political solution to crisis in Syria… al-Jaafari: Syria ready to take part in any true effort to reach this solution

18 December، 2015
New York, SANA

UN Security Council unanimously adopted Friday a resolution on reaching a political solution to the crisis in Syria as agreed upon by the sides of “the International Group for Supporting Syria” which concluded works earlier in the day.

Resolution No. 2254 affirms that the Syrians are the only ones who determine the future of their country without any foreign intervention, and the terrorist organizations are out of any political process.

Resolution /B/ also stipulates holding negotiations between delegations of the Syrian government and the opposition in January 2016, charging UN Secretary General to gather representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition through the office of UN Envoy to Syria Staffan de Mistura.

Meanwhile, Syria’s permanent envoy to the UN  Bashar al-Jaafari reiterated that the Syrian government is ready to actively participate in any genuine effort to reach a political solution though which the Syrians only determine their future and choices via Syrian-Syria dialogue, led by Syria without any foreign intervention to guarantee Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

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“The Syrian government is open to any initiatives or true efforts to help the country get out of the crisis,” al-Jaafari said in a statement at the UN Security Council session.

He added that today’s meeting witnessed an important step in the field of combating terrorism through adopting resolution / 2253/, calling for “reading the situation in Syria in an objective and true way instead of adopting stances that lead to an escalation in the crisis, prolonging it and increasing chaos and terrorism.

“Having any political track succeeded requires the participation of the Syrian government in it as a main partner, so it is very important to coordinate and cooperate with the Syrian government on different points related to this track,” al-Jaafari said.

He added that it became clear that making the political track in Syria successful requires combating terrorism in a collective and active form, affirming “in this context, Syria welcomes adopting the resolution No. 2253 and highly appreciates the Russian initiative in submitting this important resolution.”

“We acknowledge that having security and stability back in Syria requires an immediate dealing with the danger posed by terrorism in the framework of the international legitimacy and dealing with facts on the land in a practical way, so the Syrian government is ready to stop clashes in the areas where Syrian gunmen exist to achieve national reconciliations if the gunmen abandon their weapons,” al-Jaafari added.

Mazen Eyon

S/RES/2254 (2015) 18 December 2015 Middle East (Syria)
S/RES/2253 (2015) 17 December 2015 Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today joined diplomats from the International Syria Support Group meeting in New York to discuss a solution to the country’s five-year war, and he is expected to brief the Security Council later today on the latest developments.

According to the Secretary-General’s spokesperson, Mr. Ban, accompanied by his Special Envoy, Staffan de Mistura, took part in the meeting outside UN Headquarters of the International Support Group, comprised of the Arab League, the European Union, the United Nations, and 17 countries.

The Security Council is expected to meet at the Ministerial level later today on Syria and the UN chief is expected to brief.

After the Support’s Group’s 14 December meeting in Vienna, the participants, among other things, expressed a unanimous sense of urgency to end the suffering of the Syrian people, the physical destruction of Syria, the destabilization of the region, and the resulting increase in terrorists drawn to the fighting in Syria.

“The [group] acknowledged the close linkage between a ceasefire and a parallel political process pursuant to the 2012 Geneva Communiqué, and that both initiatives should move ahead expeditiously,” the statement noted, highlighting that the members also stated their commitment to ensure a Syrian-led and Syrian-owned political transition.

Security Council moves to cut off all funding sources for ISIL and other terrorist groups

At its first ever meeting at Finance Ministers’ level, the United Nations Security Council today stepped up its efforts to cut off all sources of funding for the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq (ISIL) and other terrorist groups, including ransom payments, no matter by whom.

In a unanimously adopted resolution at a session presided over by Treasury Secretary Jack Lew of the United States, which holds its monthly presidency, the 15-member body called for enhanced actions, from closing financial system loopholes to stopping the abuse of charitable causes, as well as updating the existing ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions List.

It stressed that already existing resolutions mandating States to ensure that financial assets are not transferred to terrorists by persons within their territory “shall also apply to the payment of ransoms to individuals, groups, undertakings or entities on the ISIL [Da’esh] and Al-Qaida Sanctions List regardless of how or by whom the ransom is paid.”

The resolution called for increased international cooperation in sharing information and closer collaboration with the private sector to identify suspect transactions.

The Council also called on Member States to promote enhanced vigilance by persons within their jurisdiction to detect any diversion of explosives and raw materials and components that can be used to manufacture improvised explosive devices or unconventional weapons, including chemical components, detonators, detonating cord, or poisons.

“They (the terrorists) are agile and have been far too successful in attaining resources for their heinous acts,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told the Council at the start of the debate. “As Da’esh (another name for ISIL) and other terrorist groups disseminate their hateful propaganda and ratchet up murderous attacks, we must join forces to prevent them from acquiring and deploying resources to do further harm,” he stressed.

“We know the challenge before us. Terrorists take advantage of weaknesses in financial and regulatory regimes to raise funds. They circumvent formal channels to avoid detection, and exploit new technologies and tools to transfer resources. They have forged destructive and very profitable links with drug and criminal syndicates – among others. And they abuse charitable causes to trick individuals to contribute,” said the UN chief.

He noted that progress has been made over the years in identifying and limiting various methods of terrorist financing, with Member States ratifying the International Convention on the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and adopting legislation to criminalize terrorist financing and strengthen regulatory systems.

“Still, more needs to be done,” Mr. Ban stated. “Terrorists continue to adapt their tactics and diversify their funding sources. Today, Da’esh runs a multi-million dollar economy in territories under its control. Da’esh terrorists raise money through the oil trade, extortion, undetected cash couriers, kidnapping for ransom, trafficking of humans and arms and racketeering,” he said.

“They loot and sell precious cultural property, shamelessly profiting from the destruction of humanity’s common heritage. Social media outreach is exploited by Da’esh, not just for radicalization and recruiting, but also for fundraising. Other terrorist organizations around the world – from Boko Haram to Al-Shabaab to the Taliban – are following suit.”

With terrorists increasingly employing elusive tricks to raise and transfer funds, covering their tracks and leaving little evidence to identify tainted resources, the international community must stay ahead of the curve to combat their ploys, he said, noting that many States have yet to set up the necessary legal regimes and institutions to identify and freeze terrorist assets.

Mr. Ban called for increased international cooperation in sharing information and expertise, especially in stopping the illegal trade of cultural artefacts, and closer cooperation with the private and charitable sectors to identify suspected transactions.

Syria Resolution

Meeting
Record
Date Press
Release
Topic Security Council
Outcome / Vote
S/PV.7587 17 December SC/12168 Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts S/RES/2253 (2015)
15-0-0