Is the FSA Beheading People?

Marinella Correggia

The Amir of the petro-gas-kingdom Qatar visiting Italy lashed out at the UN Sec Council for its “immoral stance on the atrocities committed against Syrian people”. He was targeting Russia and China whose veto avoided two times a direct foreign military intervention.

But how “moral” is the armed opposition?

On 29 March 2012 the German news magazine SPIEGEL online published an interview to a self-proclaimed “executioner” from Homs, recovering in a Lebanon hospital until he can return “back to work”. The article, “The Burial Brigade of Homs: An Executioner for Syria’s Rebels Tells His Story” (,1518,824603,00.html). He says things like: “Most men can torture, but they’re not able to kill from close range (…) “I don’t know why, but it doesn’t bother me. After a first beheading was a rite of passage for Hussein, he became a member of the Homs burial brigade. The men, of which there are only a handful, kill in the name of the Syrian revolution. They leave torture to others; that’s what the so-called “interrogation brigade”.

Syria´s Ambassador to the UN (Jaafari) referred in his speech to this article.

Few days later, Abdel Razaq Tlass, commander of Al Farouk brigade (FSA, Homs) in an interview published by Qantara ( denies: “FSA has never conducted any executions or the targeted killing of individuals”; “We categorically reject such a form of killing” (by cutting the throats, ndr)”; “No executions are carried out on behalf of the FSA”.We do not employ any form of torture during our interrogations”; “There is no sentencing of prisoners”.

So mr. Tlass states: “The FSA has never conducted any executions or the targeted killing of individuals”.

Never conducted executions? In February, BBC correspondent Paul Wood writes from Homs ( “Afterwards, one of the FSA fighters showed me a video he had filmed in December. They had ambushed a convoy of armoured vehicles. Eight of the security forces were killed, 11 captured. The video showed the prisoners, in camouflage uniform, lined up facing a wall. Some were still bleeding after the battle. Their arms were raised. One turned to the camera, looking petrified. The man who’d taken the pictures said that despite their army uniforms, their ID cards showed they were Shabiha (or ghosts) – the hated government paramilitary force. “We killed them,” he told me. “You killed your prisoners?” “Yes, of course. They were executed later. That is the policy for Shabiha.” These were Sunni Shabiha, he added; the only Alawite had escaped. I checked with an officer. While soldiers were released, he said, members of the Shabiha were “executed” after a hearing before a panel of FSA military judges. To explain, they showed me a film taken from the mobile phone of a captured Shabiha. Prisoners lay face down on the ground, hands tied behind their backs. One-by-one, their heads were cut off. The man wielding the knife said, tauntingly, to the first: “This is for freedom.” As his victim’s neck opened, he went on: “This is for our martyrs. And this is for collaborating with Israel”.

Of executions and throat cuttings of entire families among the Christian Communities speaks also the recent report by Mother Agnès-Mariam de la Croix from Qara (

And according to engineer Iyad Khuder, living in Damascus, many armed opponents consider Shabbiha, in fact, any civilian who doesn’t obey to them and who condemn the terrorism. He says: “One of my relatives, Isa Al-Khauli, was a doctor in his 70′s and was shot dead in front of his family, his crime: he was the director of a governmental hospital. Almost every day there are victims belonging to the region where I come from (the villages of Lattakia) are killed, whatever they do in life. Farmers, officers, teachers, engineers, soldiers, policemen… They are all considered Shabbiha. In fact all “Allaui” people are considered “unfathful – Kuffar”, and they are targeted in a systematic way, according to “Shariia” as exported from Saudi Arabia”:

Khuder added: “Since the first months of the events in Syria, the so-called ‘President of International Union of Muslim Scientists’, Youssef Al-Qaradawi, declared: ‘It’s OK if one third of Syrian people die for the benefit of the other 2 thirds’.  Indicating that one third of Syrian people are not Sunni (Christians, Allaui, Druz…)… Isn’t this the background for a systematic terrorism? Plenty of other Muslim clerks in Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the Gulf have issued similar “fatwa’s” that, at least, trigger the hatred between different sects Recently the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Sheik Abdul Aziz Bin Abdallah Aal Al-Sheik called to destruct all churches in the Arabic peninsula (

After one of couple of terrorist attacks of Aleppo of 10 February 2012, that killed 25, injured 175 people, one of the leaders of the FSA, the colonel Aref Hamoud, proudly declared on France24 that FSA is responsible of these “qualified operations”.

Before the big boss of the FSA, Riyadh Al-As’ad, denounced that on the same channel. But Riyadh Al-As’ad himself had previously promised on AlJazeera to perform “qualified operations” few days before these attacks.